Chapter 13 Model Plan
Eastern District of Michigan

Additional Plan Terms

V.  ADDITONAL TERMS, CONDITIONS AND PROVISIONS  

THE FOLLOWING PROVISIONS ARE APPLICABLE TO ALL CHAPTER 13 CASES FILED IN THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN FILED ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1, 2013

 

  1. DEBTOR’S OBLIGATION TO REMIT TAX REFUNDS: Debtor shall not alter any withholding deductions/exemptions without Court approval. If the Internal Revenue Service or any State taxing authority remits to the Trustee any sum which the Debtor is not required to remit pursuant to this Plan, then upon written request of the Debtor and concurrence of the Trustee, the Trustee shall be authorized to refund those sums to the Debtor from funds first available without further motion, notice or Order of Court. The Trustee shall not be required to recoup or recover funds disbursed to creditors prior to receipt of the Debtor’s written request.

    If Debtor is married and Debtor’s spouse is not a joint-debtor in this case, Debtor’s Tax Refund(s) for any calendar year shall be 50% of the aggregate net Tax Refunds received by Debtor and Debtor’s Non-filing spouse, regardless of whether Debtor and spouse file a joint tax return or file separate tax returns.

  2. ALLOWANCE AND PAYMENT OF PRE-CONFIRMATION ATTORNEY FEES: If Class 2.1 of the Plan indicates that Counsel intends to file a Separate Application for compensation for services rendered up through the date of entry of the Order Confirming Plan pursuant to 11 USC §327 and §330, the Trustee shall withhold the amount designated in Class 2.1 from funds remaining after payment of claims required to be paid prior to attorney fees pending further Order of Court.

  3. RETENTION AND COMPENSATION OF OTHER PROFESSIONALS FOR POST-PETITION PRE-CONFIRMATION SERVICES: If Class 2.3 indicates that Debtor has retained or intends to retain the services of any Professional (as that term is defined in 11 USC §327) to perform professional services after the commencement of this case, Debtor will file a timely Application to Employ Professional Person stating the identity of the person to be retained and the capacity or purpose for retention, accompanied by a Certification of Disinterestedness signed by the Professional and obtain Court permission to retain the Professional. The Professional may seek compensation in an amount not to exceed $400.00 by filing a Proof of Claim designated as an Administrative Expense without further notice, hearing or Order of Court. If the Professional seeks compensation in excess of $400.00, the Professional shall file an Application for Compensation for services rendered pursuant to 11 USC §327.

  4. POST-CONFIRMATION ATTORNEY FEES & COSTS BY SEPARATE APPLICATION: Counsel reserves the right to file Applications for compensation for services rendered subsequent to the Confirmation of this Plan. Upon entry of an Order Awarding Post- Confirmation Attorney Fees, if Debtor’s Plan will not complete within 60 months of the date of the Order Confirming Plan, all unpaid Attorney fees and costs shall be paid by the Trustee only after a plan modification that allows Debtor’s Plan to complete within 60 months from the date of the Order Confirming Plan is approved with notice as is appropriate to parties in interest.

  5. PAYMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE CLAIMS: Administrative Expense Claims as defined in 11 USC §503, other than those claims provided for in Paragraphs B, C and D of these Additional Terms, Conditions and Provisions, will be deemed allowed and will be paid only upon entry of a specific Order of this Court determining the allowance and amount of that claim.

  6. ORDER OF PAYMENT OF CLAIMS: All claims for which this Plan proposes payment through the Trustee shall be paid in the following order to the extent that funds are available:

    Level 1: Class 1
    Level 2: Class 5.1 and 6.1
    Level 3: Class 2.1 and 2.3
    Level 4: Class 2.2 and 2.4
    Level 5: Classes 4.1
    Level 6: Classes 4.2, 5.2 and 6.2
    Level 7: Class 7
    Level 8: Classes 3, 8 and 9

    Each level shall be paid as provided in this Plan before any disbursements are made to any subordinate class. If there are not sufficient funds to pay all claims within a level, then the claims in that level shall be paid pro rata.

  7. SECURED CLAIMS TO BE STRIPPED FROM THE COLLATERAL AND TREATED AS UNSECURED: Claims for which the creditor holds a mortgage or security interest but where the Bankruptcy Court has entered a Final Judgment or Order declaring that upon completion of this Plan the secured claim will be "stripped" from the Property. These claims will be paid as a General Unsecured Creditor as provided in Class 9 of the Plan.

  8. CLASS 5.1 AND CLASS 6.1 CREDITORS SPECIFIED TO RECEIVE EQUAL MONTHLY PAYMENTS: Creditors identified in Class 5.1 or Class 6.1 will receive Equal Monthly Payments to the extent funds are available at the date of each disbursement. If more than one creditor is scheduled in Class 5.1 and Class 6.1 and the funds available in any disbursement are insufficient to pay the full Equal Monthly Payments to all of the listed creditors, payments shall be made on a pro rata basis determined by the ratio of the Equal Monthly Payment specified to each creditor to the total amount of Equal Monthly Payments to all creditors scheduled in Class 5.1 and Class 6.1. The amount of the Equal Monthly Payment to any creditor shall be the amount stated in Class 5.1 or Class 6.1 as may be applicable; provided that if any creditor identified in Class 5.1 or Class 6.1 files a Proof of Claim that specifies a monthly payment amount at variance with the Equal Monthly Payment amount set forth in the Plan, the amount of the monthly payment specified in the Proof of Claim shall control and shall become the Equal Monthly Payment for that creditor.

    The monthly post-confirmation disbursement to any creditor designated in Class 5.1 or Class 6.1 will not exceed the Equal Monthly Payment amount for that creditor for the month in which disbursement is being made plus any previously unpaid Equal Monthly Payments accruing before the date of disbursement.

  9. APPLICATION OF DISBURSEMENTS BY CREDITORS: Creditors shall apply all disbursements under the Plan only in the manner consistent with the terms of the Plan and to the account(s) or obligation(s) as designated on the voucher or check provided to the Creditor with each disbursement.

  10. COMPLETION OF PLAN: For purposes of 11 USC §1328, the Debtor shall be deemed to have completed all payments under the Plan:

    1. Upon the expiration of the Plan Length as defined in Paragraph II.A of the Plan commencing on the date of entry of the Order Confirming Plan; and
    2. Debtor has remitted all Plan payments (as defined in Paragraph II.A and II.B of the Plan) coming due after the date of entry of the Order Confirming Plan; and
    3. Debtor has remitted all Federal Income Tax Refunds as required by Paragraph II.C of the Plan and Paragraph A of these Additional Terms, Conditions and Provisions; and
    4. Debtor has remitted a sum sufficient to pay all allowed claims as amended and/or supplemented as provided in the Plan.

  11. EXECUTORY CONTRACTS AND/OR UNEXPIRED LEASES:
    1. Any executory contract or unexpired lease not expressly assumed in Class 6.1 or in the Order Confirming Plan shall be deemed rejected effective as of the Effective Date of this Plan.
    2. Upon rejection of any Executory Contract or Unexpired Lease, the property and debtor’s interest in the rejected executory contract or unexpired lease will no longer be property of the estate and the stay under 11 USC §362(a) and the co-debtor stay under 11 USC §1301 shall automatically terminate as to such property. Any claims arising from the rejection of an executory contract or unexpired lease shall be treated as a general unsecured claim in Class Nine, subject to further Order of Court.

    3. For all assumed executory contracts and unexpired leases, confirmation of this Plan shall constitute a finding that this Plan complies with all requirements for assumption of the executory contracts and unexpired leases being assumed, including all requirements set forth in 11 USC §365(b).

    4. Upon the termination of the Lease (whether as a result of the expiration of the contractual lease term, repossession of the property which is the subject of the Lease, or otherwise), the Lessor shall have the right to file a Supplemental Claim for any damages or charges permitted under or pursuant to the Lease.

    5. If Class 6.1 provides for the Continuing Lease/Contract Payments to be made by the Trustee, the Supplemental Claim as filed and allowed shall be paid by the Trustee over the remaining term of the Plan.

    6. If Class 6.1 provides for the Continuing Lease Payments to be made directly by the Debtor to the Lessor, the Supplemental Claim as filed and allowed shall be paid directly by the Debtor to the Creditor over the remaining term of the Plan. If there is a balance outstanding on the Supplemental Claim as of the completion of Debtor’s confirmed Chapter 13 Plan, this balance shall not prevent or preclude the entry of a discharge in this case; instead, this balance shall be deemed non-dischargeable and Debtor shall be responsible for payment of the remaining balance of the Supplemental Claim following the entry of a Discharge.


  12. SECURED CLAIMS - POST-PETITION FEES, COSTS AND CHARGES:
    1. Any Supplement to Claim that is filed with the Court as to which there is no objection filed or as to which any objection has been overruled, shall be deemed allowed.

    2. If Class 4.1, 5.1 or 5.2 provides for the Creditor’s Secured Claim to be paid by the Trustee, the Supplement to Claim as filed and allowed shall be paid by the Trustee over the remaining term of the Plan.

    3. If Class 4.1, 5.1 or 5.2 provides for the Creditor’s Secured Claim to be paid directly by the Debtor to the Creditor, the Supplement to Claim as filed and allowed shall be paid directly by the Debtor to the Creditor before completion of the Plan. If there is a balance outstanding on the Supplement to Claim as of the completion of Debtor’s confirmed Chapter 13 Plan, this balance shall not prevent or preclude the entry of a discharge in this case; instead, any unpaid balance shall be non-dischargeable.


  13. SEPARATELY CLASSIFIED UNSECURED CLAIMS: Claims classified as “Separately Classified Unsecured Claims” are unsecured claims that qualify for discriminatory and preferred treatment pursuant to 11 USC §1322(b)(1). The basis for separate classification is specified in Paragraph III.H of the Plan. Each Separately Classified Unsecured Claims shall receive payments that total 100% of the allowed amount of the claim plus interest if specified in Class Eight of the Plan. See also Paragraph F of the Additional Terms, Conditions and Provisions for additional information concerning the timing of payments to be made on these claims.

  14. GENERAL UNSECURED CREDITORS: Unless Class 9 of the Plan provides a dividend to holders of General Unsecured Claims equal to 100% of allowed claims, the Plan shall produce a total sum for distribution to General Unsecured Creditors (the “Unsecured Base Amount”). The Unsecured Base Amount shall be not less than the aggregate amount which creditors in this class would have received had the estate of the debtor been liquidated under Chapter 7 of Title 11, United States Code. See 11 U.S.C. §1325(a)(4). Each holder of a duly filed and allowed General Unsecured Claim shall receive the holder’s Pro Rata share of the Unsecured Base Amount, based on the Creditor’s Claim as a fraction of the total General Unsecured Claims duly filed and allowed. The Pro Rata dividend for each holder of an allowed unsecured claim will be calculated by the Trustee upon review of allowed claims.

    This Plan shall provide either the total Unsecured Base Amount or shall continue for the Plan Length as stated in Paragraph II.A of the Plan, whichever will offer the greater dividend to general unsecured creditors.

  15. VESTING, POSSESSION OF ESTATE PROPERTY AND LIEN RETENTION: Upon the Effective Date of the Plan, all property of the estate shall vest in the debtor and shall cease to be property of the estate. The debtor shall remain in possession of all property during the pendency of this case unless specifically provided herein, and shall not seek to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of such property (except in the ordinary course of debtor’s business) without prior Court approval.

  16. SURRENDER OF COLLATERAL: Those claims that are treated pursuant to 11 USC §1325(a)(5)(C) (surrender of collateral) are so designated in this Plan. Upon confirmation, the Automatic Stay and Co-Debtor Stay is lifted as to the collateral and any creditor to whom the property is surrendered and the collateral shall no longer constitute property of the estate. No disbursements shall be made by the Trustee to any creditor whose claim is secured by the collateral being surrendered unless the holder of such claim files a Proof of Claim (or Amended Proof of Claim) after the Effective Date of the Plan setting forth the amount of any deficiency remaining after disposition of the collateral. Any allowed deficiency claim shall be paid as a general unsecured claim in Class 9 of the Plan. See Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 3002.1.

  17. PROHIBITION AGAINST INCURRING POST-PETITION DEBT: While this case is pending, the debtor shall not incur a debt in excess of $2,000.00 without first obtaining approval of either this Court or of the Chapter 13 Trustee. If the Chapter 13 Trustee stipulates to entry of an Order allowing Debtor to incur post-petition Debt, Debtor shall be permitted to file the stipulation signed by the Trustee and to submit an Order to the Court on an ex parte basis without notice to Creditors or other parties in interest.

  18. UNSCHEDULED CLAIMS: If an unscheduled proof of claim is filed, the Trustee is authorized to exercise sole discretion to classify the claim into one of the existing classes under this Plan and to schedule the claim for payment within that class, without prejudice to debtor’s right to object to the allowance of the claim and/or to modify the plan to provide a different treatment.

  19. PROOFS OF CLAIM FILED AT VARIANCE WITH THE PLAN: In the event that a proof of claim is filed and allowed that is at variance with the provisions of this Plan, the following method is to be employed to resolve the conflict:
    1. Regarding claims for which the Plan does not propose a "cramdown" or modification, the proof of claim shall supersede the Plan as to the claim amount, percentage rate of interest, monthly payments, valuation of collateral and classification of the claim.
    2. As to claims for which the Plan proposes a "cramdown" or modification, the proof of claim governs only as to the claim amount, but not valuation or any other contractual term.
    3. If a proof of claim is filed that is at variance with this Plan or related schedules, the Trustee shall automatically treat that claim as the holder indicated, unless provided otherwise in the confirmed Plan; these Additional Terms, Conditions and Provisions; or by Order of Court.
    4. As to claims specified in Class 3 (Secured Claims to be Stripped from the Collateral), the Proof of Claim shall control only as to the allowed amount of the claim. See also Paragraph G of the Additional Terms, Conditions and Provisions for additional information concerning payments to be made on these claims.


  20. TAX RETURNS AND TAX SET-OFFS: All tax returns which have become due prior to the filing of the Plan have been filed. The Internal Revenue Service and the United States Department of Treasury are prohibited from setting off against post-petition Tax Refunds for payment of pre-petition tax obligations.

  21. DEBTOR DUTY TO MAINTAIN INSURANCE - REMEDY FOR FAILURE TO MAINTAIN INSURANCE: Debtor shall maintain all insurance required by law and contract upon property of the estate and the debtor’s property. After confirmation of this Plan, if the debtor fails to maintain insurance as required by law or contract, any party in interest may submit a notice of default, served on debtor, debtor’s counsel and the Chapter 13 Trustee, permitting 10 days from service of the notice in which to cure the default. If the default is not cured within the time permitted, the party in interest may submit an Order Granting Relief from the Automatic Stay as to the collateral to the Court along with an affidavit attesting to the debtor’s failure to cure, and the stay may thereafter be lifted without further motion, notice or hearing.

  22. SECURED CREDITORS, LESSORS AND PARTIES TO EXECUTORY CONTRACTS UPON ENTRY OF ORDER LIFTING AUTOMATIC STAY: Any secured creditor and any party to an assumed executory contract or unexpired lease as to whom the automatic stay is lifted shall not receive any further disbursements until a proof of claim for the balance remaining after liquidation of the collateral is filed.

  23. PROVIDING FUTURE TAX RETURNS TO TRUSTEE: Debtor shall timely file each Federal Income Tax Return required to be filed under applicable law during the pendency of this case, and shall provide to the Trustee a copy of each Return at the same time the Return is filed with the taxing authority.

  24. DEADLINES IN EVENT OF CONVERSION: In the event of conversion of this case to a case under Chapter 7 of the United States Bankruptcy Code, the rights of the Chapter 7 Trustee and all creditors (including but not limited to the right to object to exemptions and the right to object to discharge pursuant to 11 USC §727 and/or dischargeability pursuant to 11 USC §523) will be determined as if the Petition was filed on the date of conversion. The date of the Order converting this case to one under Chapter 7 will be treated as the date of the Order For Relief and all applicable deadlines shall be determined as if the post-conversion Meeting of Creditors pursuant to 11 USC §341 was the initial Meeting of Creditors.

  25. OBJECTIONS TO PROOFS OF CLAIM: Any party-in-interest shall have the right to object to Proofs of Claim. Confirmation of this Plan shall not constitute a waiver of any objection and shall not constitute or have any res judicata or collateral estoppel effect on or against any objection to Proof of Claim. If any objection to Proof of Claim is filed and sustained, in whole or in part, after the Trustee has begun making disbursements under this plan as confirmed, Trustee shall have no obligation or duty to recoup any payments or disbursements made to the creditor whose Proof of Claim was the subject of the objection.


  26. CREDITOR’S AUTHORIZATION TO CONTACT DEBTOR: Notwithstanding the provisions of the Automatic Stay and Co-Debtor Stay, creditors holding claims in Classes 4 and 5 for which the Debtor proposes to retain the collateral and parties to any assumed unexpired lease or executory contract in Class 6 may contact Debtor for purposes of sending periodic statements and annual or periodic summaries of accounts including but not limited to account reconciliations pursuant to the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act.

  27. IDENTITY OF DISBURSING AGENT: All claims in all classes of creditors shall be paid by the Trustee as Disbursing Agent except those claims which are specified to be paid directly by either the Debtor or a third party, in which event the Debtor or third party making those payments shall be the Disbursing Agent for those claims.
  1. SPECIAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO GOVERNMENTAL UNITS RESPONSIBLE FOR ENFORCING DOMESTIC SUPPORT OBLIGTATIONS: Notwithstanding the provisions of 11 U.S.C. §362 and §1327, the Automatic Stay is modified to permit any governmental unit or agency responsible for enforcing a domestic support obligation to send notices, to take other actions to the extent not inconsistent with the terms of the Plan, and to collect domestic support obligations from property that is not property of the estate.
  1. PRE- AND POST-PETITION LITIGATION AND CAUSES OF ACTION: Debtor and the Chapter 13 Trustee shall have concurrent standing to prosecute all Pre- and Post-Petition causes of action, including but not limited to actions arising under Title 11, United States Code. Any compromise or settlement of any litigation or cause of action shall be subject to the provisions of Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 9019. Any proceeds or damages recovered by or on behalf of the Debtor shall be retained pending Order of the Bankruptcy Court.
  1. SUBSTANTIVE CONSOLIDATION OF JOINTLY FILED CASES: If this case has been filed jointly by a husband and wife pursuant to 11 USC §302, entry of an Order Confirming Plan shall also constitute an Order for Substantive Consolidation of the debtors.
  1. NON-APPLICABILITY OF FEDERAL RULE OF BANKRUPTCY PROCEDURE 3002.1: The requirements and provisions of Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 3002.1 shall not apply to any property that the Plan as confirmed surrenders to the Creditor as provided in 11 USC §1325(a)(5)(C); or to any property as to which the Automatic Stay is lifted for purposes of allowing the secured creditor to exercise rights and remedies pursuant to applicable State Law, regardless of whether the Order Lifting Automatic Stay is entered before or after entry of an Order Confirming the Plan.
  1. TIME TO CURE PARAMOUNT: For any class of claims where the Months to Cure From Confirmation Date may be specified, if the Plan does not specify the number of months to cure, the Months to Cure From Confirmation Date shall be the Plan Length specified in Paragraph II.A of the Plan. For any class of claims or creditors for which the Plan specifies an Estimated Average Monthly Payment that is inconsistent with or contradicts the Months to Cure From Confirmation Date, the Months to Cure From Confirmation Date shall control. The Chapter 13 Trustee is authorized to make any changes to the amount of disbursements to the creditor to implement this provision.

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